Journal of
Faculty of Civil Engineering



DOI: 10.14415/konferencijaGFS 2016.048
UDC: 624.131.542
CC-BY-SA 4.0 license
Author : Đurić, Neđo
 Construction of facilities as one of the oldest trades during time developed to such extent that today it represents an important scientific field. Numerous buildings were built above and below ground during the past human civilization. Some were more or less significant, but basically they all had a unique objective to be of good quality and long lasting. How much was that succeeded? Earlier much less, and today it is required to have full safety and durability. Intensive construction during the XX and the beginning of XXI century required next to development of science construction, also development of other sciences, primarily geological which study the rock mass where and in which are constructed the objects. It has been developed a special scientific field of geotechnics that include engineering geological studies of the characteristics of the terrain and rock masses in the natural state, which serve as a basis on which to plan and build certain objects. Today there are no buildings in the air, all are related to the surface or just below the ground surface, which requires more detailed study. Construction science has achieved a high degree of perfection in the part of structural stability of objects, but it is still a step behind in the construction connection of the object with the substrate on which or in which it is built. Intensive construction of facilities at the end of XX and beginning of the XXI century, which coincided with the changing social and property relations, partly neglected so far planned constructions, both in terms of space usage and ways of construction. Somewhere is missing partly and somewhere a complete part of previous trainings in the field of studying of characteristic of the terrain and designing of objects harmonized with the terrain. All is quickly built without taking into account the quality of construction and possible consequences during and after construction. It is particularly expressed in high-rise buildings, primarily linear objects This period may be called the period of "modern construction of objects", which is not organized, professional and scientific isolated like that, but it is self-imposed. The negative results of the construction of objects in this period are visible during or after construction, especially at a time of intense precipitation, which affected this area three times in the last three years. Natural disasters are a warning for what has been done wrong or omitted to be done in the construction of objects, and to refer back to the period of study of good terrain and a better quality of construction. These considerations were created after visiting a large number of landslides in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was done in the context of one of the projects of UNDP, and in the work was given a review of the issues arising given and a display of some characteristic landslides.
 modern construction, landslides, engineering activities, precipitation consequences