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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS
6th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
CONTEMPORARY ACHIEVEMENTS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 2018 , 2018.y., pp. 573-579


CONSIDERATION OF FOCAL LANDMARK POINTS IN THE CENTRAL AREA OF NOVI SAD
 
DOI: 10.14415/konferencijaGFS2018.057
UDC: 711.523
CC-BY-SA 4.0 license
Author : Milinković, Aleksandra; Brkljač, Dijana; Vukajlov, Ljiljana
 
 Summary:
 The design of areas important for orientation in a city, the formation of the city image and collective identity, which at the same time become gathering places, depends on overlapping of numerous parameters and complex influances. Focal Landmark points can be either built or undeveloped structures that, with their program, content, morphological and ambient characteristics have a strong attraction power. They are a specific category, which, apart from the fact that they stand out in visual terms, have a social character, thus social interaction in the city takes place in them. The position of these focal points in the physical structure of the settlement, as well as their shape and size, influence the possibility and quality of their notion and perception. The research deals with parameters that influence the comprehensiveness of the -focal landmark points in the central area of Novi Sad. It is seen as an area in which numerous complex architectural and urban elements that make up this category are concentrated. The position within the wider context contributes to the highlighting or merging of these important places in the city tissue. This helps to unambiguously define whether a particular structure is a landmark or not. Different factors influence the way of highlighting the focal landmark points, among which are: height, shape, size, materials, color, position, as well as the existence of visual points, which allow them to be perceived. Detected areas will be classified and valued according to the way they stand out, how they are spotted and perceived in the urban tissue, and the influence they have on socializing within the analyzed areas, from the perspective of the users, their number, the time of stay and the frequency of gathering in them. The connection between the quality of the comprehensiveness of the important elements of space and their development into the focal landmark points within the microunit, the historical and cultural center of the sity will also be investigated.
 
 Keywords:
 public buildings, focal landmark points, comprehensiveness, socialization, Novi Sad