Journal of
Faculty of Civil Engineering


FACULTY JOURNALS
SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS
ARCHIVE







CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS
5th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
CONTEMPORARY ACHIEVEMENTS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 2017 , 2017.y., pp. 729-738


PROBLEMS OF FLOOR SLABDESIGN IN TERMS OF CAPACITY, SAFETY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY
 
DOI: 10.14415/konferencijaGFS2017.077
UDC: 692.5:697.1
CC-BY-SA 4.0 license
Author : Kekanović, Milan; Šumarac, Deagoslav; Ćorić, Stanko; Kasaš, Karolj; Čeh, Arpad
 
 Summary:
 This article provides information about the possibilities of design and construction floor slabs concerning three very important aspects: the capacity, safety and energy efficiency.Nowadays, in the Republic of Serbia exclusively solid concrete slabs are designed and built,which are at least 20cm thick.The justification for this solution is to obtain, in its plane, a rigid plate-diaphragm that is able to endure seismic forces on the walls, proportionally to the stiffness of those walls.At the same time this solution has many disadvantages and it is a great load that limits the length of the span. That heavy load is directly proportional to the size of the seismic forces. The20 cm thick, solid concrete slab has a large heat capacity, and specific heat c (J / kgK), which are not energy efficient,as the warm air is accumulated, conductedtowards to the walls and also retained near the ceiling, while people are near the floor.There are other solutions of design and construction floor slabs that meet demands far more than a solid concrete slab.These are the reinforced concrete site-cast waffle slab.These slabs are extremely stiff and stable, optionally in both directions and can have a reduced mass up to 50% compared with solid concrete slabs.The authors will introduce one waffle-slab solution of reinforced concrete slabs, which satisfies, in addition to above mentioned, even the energy efficiency demand. It is a solution by Stirofert-technology built with structural expanded polystyrene as a stay-in-place formwork during the phase of concrete pouring and construction. This same stay-in-place formwork is a powerful insulation on ceiling with a preventing effect against heat-accumulation and heat losses towards the walls; same time equalizing the temperature of air near the floor and ceiling.
 
 Keywords:
 concrete, waffle-slabs, slabs, load capacity, energy efficiency