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JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
CONTEMPORARY ACHIEVEMENTS IN CIVILENGINEERING 25, 2014.y., pp. 757-762


SQUERS IN NOVI SAD AS UNRECOGNIZABLE PUBLIC PLASECES
 
DOI: 10.14415/konferencijaGFS2014.102
UDC: 712.254(497.113Novi Sad)
CC-BY-SA 4.0 license
Author : Hiel, Ksenija; Blagojević, Ivana
 
 Summary:
 Squares and streets are the oldest urban elements of any settlemnt. The function of the square as an open space of the city from its first appearance till nowaday is essentially not changed. The squares are the areas of socialization which host a variety of activities from sharing information and resources, through the organization of various secular and sacred ceremony to spontaneous gathering of citizens doing everyday meetings during which they exchanged ideas and shared tips. During development of the city apart from the main square (which was by its logic and character usually placed in the center of the settlement) new squares out of central core began to be formed holding a new specific tasks. The settlement size and the way of life in a particular social system conditioned the number of squares their size, shape and function. To identify an open public space of the city as a square it is necessary to have architectural structures as a frame. Without this natural "scenes" open spaces are difficult to perceive as a closed and limited structure of the public space of the city. While the perception of a space and the creation of identity, observer is looking at a set of sequences which, with its fragmentation affect the formation of the overall picture. In order to identify the individual with the place it is necessary to be conceivable within its borders because that is the only way to be identifed with the locus. In this paper we explore the open public spaces in Novi Sad, which are recognized as squares only by their names where the citizens are perceived them as parking spaces, traffic nods, green areas or marketplace - bazaar. Research highlights the weaknesses of the elements that in the perception makes them as the most important parameters of the urban area of the square. Analysis of influencing issues such as position in the urban pattern of the city, the size, the shape, the proportion, arrangement, accessibility, availability and quality of life on them have to indicate which of the factors are positive and should be retained and which distort and obstruct the experience of space as a square.The aim of the paper is to investigate the parameters that affect the identification of public space so that it could be perceived as a square.
 
 Keywords:
 Square, public space, identity